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There are many different types of 100G optical modules. These types have different performance, price, and transmission distances. In the current market trend, the 100G QSFP28 form factor has become mainstream. In this article, we will compare several different 100G QSFP28 modules. : 100GBASE-SR4 QSFP28 transceiver, 100GBASE-PSM4 QSFP28 transceiver, 100GBASE-LR4 QSFP28 transceiver, and 100GBASE-CWDM4 QSFP28 transceiver.
100GBASE-SR4 is designed as a parallel 100G optical transceiver, this transceiver has a higher port density, and its price is also very cheap, which can help data centers save costs. The internal transmission channel of the 100GBASE-SR4 full-duplex transceiver is designed as 4 independent transmit and receive channels, each with a rate of 25Gbps, which can transmit 100G rate signals over OM4 MMF cable. It works by converting parallel electrical input signals into parallel optical signals by using a driven VCSEL array.
At the same time, the transmitter module can accept electrical input signals compatible with CML (common mode logic) levels. All input data signals are differential and internally terminated. At the receiving terminal, the receiver module converts the parallel optical input signals to parallel electrical output signals by using a photodetector array. Similar to the input, the electrical signal output by the receiver module is also compatible with CML level voltages. The transmission feature of 100G QSFP28-SR4 is that all the light signals are differential, and at the same time, inside the module, the transmission rate of each transmission channel is 25 Gbps.
The working principle of 100GBASE-LR4 QSFP28 is to convert four input channels of 25 Gbps electrical signal into 4 LAN WDM optical signal channels, and through the optical multiplexer inside the module, multiplex them into a single channel for 100G optical transmission. At the receiving terminal, the 100GBASE-LR4 QSFP28 optical module demultiplexes the 100G optical input signal into 4 channels of LAN WDM optical signals through a demultiplexer, and these LAN WDM signals are converted into 4 channels of electrical signals.
The 100G QSFP28 LR4 optical module is standardized by IEEE 802.3ba. According to this protocol, the central wavelength of the LAN WDM channel of this module is 1295.56, 1300.05, 1304.58 and 1309.14 nm. Generally, it is used for Single Mode fiber cable, and the maximum transmission distance of 100G QSFP28 modules reach up to 10km.
100G SR4 QSFP28 transceiver is used with MTP/MPO-12 cables, its maximum transmission distance is 100m over multimode fiber, 100G LR4 QSFP28 transceiver is generally used with LC duplex optical fiber, and its maximum transmission distance is 10km over Single Mode fiber.Comparing the power consumption of these two, QSFP28 100G LR4 is about 3.5w, the power consumption of QSFP28 100G SR4 is smaller, about 1.8w.
After the introduction of this article, I believe you have no doubts about 100G SR4 QSFP28 vs 100G LR4 QSFP28 now. These two optical modules are used in different transmission distances, and their prices are also different. If you are concerned about 100GBASE-LR4 and 100GBASE-SR4, you can contact QSFPTEK customer service via firstname.lastname@example.org, QSFPTEK is a technology company that produces optical modules and related products.